Awareness Survey of 18-Year-OldsResults of 3rd and 4th installments announced

The results of the third installment of the Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds, launched by The Nippon Foundation in October 2018, were announced on November 11, 2018. The theme was “Love and Marriage,” and the survey found that roughly three in four 18-year-olds want to marry and have children, suggesting a trend in a different direction from the tendency toward later marriage and fewer children seen in recent years. Other findings included the fact that roughly half have been in a “relationship,” and that while schools were overwhelmingly the most popular place for meeting a girlfriend/boyfriend, 1 in 10 had met their partner through social media.

The results of the fourth installment, on the theme of “Work” and announced on November 21, 2018, showed that 42.6% of 18-year-olds do not want to work beyond the age of 65, which runs counter to a recent government initiative to raise the retirement age to 70. It also found that 53.0% of 18-year-olds want to give priority to their private lives as opposed to work, while 20.3% want to give priority to work, and the largest portion (27.0%) want to work in a major city in Japan.

Survey 3. Love and Marriage (Results announced on November 11, 2018)

Findings: 55.5% of respondents have been in a relationship.

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question “Have you ever been in a relationship?” 55.5% of respondents replied “Yes” while 44.5% replied “No” (n=800)

Of those respondents, the top places for having met boyfriend/girlfriend:

  • School – 64.9%
  • Social media – 10.8%
  • School club activities – 7.4%
  • Introduction from friend or acquaintance – 3.4%
  • Childhood friend – 2.7%

79.3% of respondents are not currently in a relationship

Of those respondents, 64.8% want a boyfriend/girlfriend vs. 35.2% who do not.
Top reasons for wanting a boyfriend/girlfriend (among respondents not currently in a relationship; multiple responses allowed):

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question “Are you currently in a relationship?” 20.8% of respondents replied “Yes” while 79.3% replied “No” (n=800)
  • Want to create memories with boyfriend/girlfriend – 50.6%
  • Am lonely by myself – 39.9%
  • Want to satisfy sexual desire – 21.4%
  • Top reasons for not wanting a boyfriend/girlfriend (among respondents not currently in a relationship; multiple responses allowed):
  • Other interests are more important – 39.5%
  • Prefer being alone – 38.1%
  • Having a boyfriend/girlfriend seems troublesome – 34.5%

74.9% of respondents want to marry in the future, vs. 25.1% who do not.

Top reasons for wanting to marry (free answers, roughly categorized):

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question “Do you want to marry in the future?” 74.9% of respondents replied “Yes” while 25.1% replied “No” (n=800)
  • Want to have family/children
  • Am lonely by myself
  • Seems enjoyable / For future happiness
  • Want to be with someone I like
  • For sake of parents
  • For financial stability

Top reasons for not wanting to marry (free answers, roughly categorized):

  • Prefer living alone / Do not want to be tied down
  • Want to spend money and time on myself
  • Burdensome
  • Not interested / Do not feel marriage is necessary

78.6% of respondents want to have children.

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question “Do you want to have children?” 78.6% of respondents replied “Yes” while 21.4% replied “No” (n=800)

Of those respondents, the number of children desired:

  • One – 12.6%
  • Two – 67.1%
  • Three – 17.2%
  • Four – 1.7%
  • Five or more – 1.4%

Survey 4. Work (Results announced on November 21, 2018)

Findings: 58.3% of respondents have a field in which they want to work.

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question “Do you have a field in which you wish to work?” 58.3% of respondents replied “Yes” while 14.1% replied “No” (n=800)

Of those respondents, top fields in which they want to work:

  • Civil servant – 15.7%
  • Company employee – 15.0%
  • Engineer/designer – 12.7%
  • Physician/nurse – 9.2%
  • Teacher/academic – 8.8%

27.0% of respondents want to work in a major city in Japan

Of all respondents, those who want to work in:

  • A major city in Japan – 27.0%
  • A regional city in Japan – 23.4%
  • Overseas – 4.6%
  • A rural area of Japan – 3.8%
  • No preference – 26.3%
  • Do not know – 15.0%

53.0% want to give priority to their private lives as opposed to work, vs. 20.3% who want to give priority to work.

30.3% want to work in/at a designated place/time

Of all respondents, those who:

  • Want to work in/at an office or other designated place at a designated time – 30.3%
  • Do not want to be tied to a designated place/time (want to work from home, flexible schedule, etc.) – 26.4%
  • No preference – 23.1%
  • Do not know – 20.3%

More respondents (34.4%) want to work for a one employer until retirement than do not (25.3%)

42.6% of respondents do not want to work beyond the age of 65.

Of all respondents, 42.6% do not want to work beyond the age of 65, vs. 28.1% who want to work until age 70 or longer.
Respondents who want to work until the age of:

  • Less than 65 – 19.0%
  • 65 – 23.6%
  • 70 – 13.8%
  • 75 – 4.0%
  • 80 or higher – 10.3%
  • Do not know – 29.4%

Contact

Communications Department
The Nippon Foundation

E-mail
cc@ps.nippon-foundation.or.jp

Youtube Nippon Foundation TV

The Nippon Foundation is using YouTube to introduce its many activities such as Leprosy Elimination, Public Health, Education, Social Welfare and Maritime Development.

Nippon Foundation Blog

A Japanese-language blog on the social innovation activities of The Nippon Foundation and its affiliated organizations.

Facebook

Official Facebook page of The Nippon Foundation

Twitter

Official Twitter account of The Nippon Foundation

Monthly Newsletter

Business reports, website updates, and other information are available via e-mail.

Instagram

Official Instagram account of The Nippon Foundation