Awareness Survey of 18-Year-OldsResults of 5th and 6th installments announced

The results of the fifth installment of the Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds, launched by The Nippon Foundation in October 2018, were announced on December 3, 2018. The theme was “Disability,” and the survey found that half of respondents knew that companies of a certain size are legally required to have a certain percentage of their workforce represented by persons with disabilities, but more than 80% did not know that the actual percentage of these employees is only about 1.9%.  In addition, fewer than half of respondents had assisted someone with a disability, with the top reason for not assisting being, “I didn’t know what to do.”

The results of the sixth installment, on the theme of “Sex” and announced on December 18, 2018, showed that roughly one in four respondents had had sexual experience, while roughly three in four were concerned about sexually transmitted diseases, and close to 90% felt contraception is necessary. Internet websites are the top source of information regarding sex, and roughly 60% of respondents felt that sex education in school is useful, while those who did not pointed out the need to teach about the importance of contraception and the danger of sexually transmitted diseases. This shows that sex education in Japan is lagging internationally and needs to be updated.

In the information below, simple sum totals that do not equal 100 are due to rounding.

Survey 5. Disability (Results announced on December 3, 2018)

Finding: 63.0% of respondents have interacted with, or seen at work, a person with a disability. (n=800)

Yes (63.0%)
No (23.0%)
Don’t know (14.0%)

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question, “Have you ever interacted with, or seen at work, a person with a disability?” 63.0% of respondents replied “Yes,” while 23.0% of respondents replied “No” and 14.0% of respondents replied “I don’t know.”

Finding: Fewer than half (45.8%) of respondents have assisted someone with a disability.

Of those respondents who have assisted someone with a disability (n=366), the top reasons for doing so were:

It seemed the natural thing to do (48.1%)
I would want someone to help me if I needed assistance (39.6%)
I am used to being around a person (persons) with disabilities and am aware of the difficulties they face (20.8%)
The person I helped was an acquaintance or family member (16.9%)
It somehow seemed the right thing to do (16.4%)

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question, “Have you ever assisted someone with a disability?” 45.8% of respondents replied “Yes” while 54.3% of respondents replied “No.”

Of those respondents who have not assisted someone with a disability (n=246; excluding the 188 respondents who replied that they have not had an opportunity to assist someone), the top reasons for not doing so were:

I didn’t know what to do (34.6%)
I didn’t think it was necessary (24.0%)
It somehow seemed right not to do anything (19.5%)
I thought I would be interfering or a nuisance (16.7%)
I was too shy (13.4%)

Finding: 50.0% of respondents knew that companies of a certain size are legally required to have a certain percentage of their workforce represented by persons with disabilities, but 80.5% did not know that even though the persons with disabilities make up roughly 7.4% of the overall population, the actual percentage of these employees is only about 1.9%.

Finding: Upon being told that the legally required percentage of employees with disabilities is 2.2%, only 10.4% of respondents felt that this provided sufficient opportunities for employment.

Survey 6. Sex (Results announced on December 18, 2018)

Finding: 23.3% of respondents have had sexual experience, with 17 being the most common age for their first experience.

Age at which respondents had their first sexual experience (n=162):

10 or below – 2.5%
11 – 0%
12 – 1.9%
13 – 1.9%
14 – 9.9%
15 – 10.5%
16 – 19.8%
17 – 24.7%
18 – 17.9%
19 – 11.1%

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question, “At what age did you have your first sexual experience?” of the 162 respondents who had had sexual experience, 2.5% replied “Age 10 or below,” while an additional 24.2% gave replies ranging from “Age 12” to “Age 15,” 19.8% replied “Age 16,” 24.7% replied “Age 17,” 17.9% replied “Age 18,” and 11.1% replied “Age 19.”

Finding: Of respondents who replied to the question of whether contraception is important, 86.7% felt that it is. (n=723)

Of the 13.3% of respondents who did not feel that contraception is important, the top reasons given were:

There is no need to use contraception (26.9%)
Using contraception is troublesome (15.4%)
I want to enjoy the moment (13.5%)

Finding: Of respondents who replied to the question of who uses contraception, 42.7% replied that they did, while 34.8% replied that their partner did, and 20.7% replied that both did. (n=164)

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question, “Do you or your partner use contraception when having sex?” 34.8% replied “Partner,” 42.7% replied “I do,” 20.7% replied “Both,” and 1.8% replied “Neither.” (n=164)

Broken down by males and females who replied:

Neither1.1%2.7%
Partner7.8%67.6%
Both15.6%27.0%
Themselves75.6%2.7%
Males
(n=90)
Females
(n=74)
Bar chart showing breakdown by males and females of responses to the question, “Do you or your partner use contraception when having sex?” Males: Neither – 1.1%; Partner – 7.8%; Both – 15.6%; Themselves – 75.6%. Females: Neither – 2.7%; Partner – 67.6%; Both – 27.0%; Themselves – 2.7%.

Finding: 59.1% of respondents found sex education in school useful, while 40.9% did not

(n=697)
Do you find sex education in school useful?
No – 40.9% Yes – 59.1%

Pie chart showing results from Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds: In response to the question, “Do you find sex education in school useful?” 59.1% of respondents replied “Yes” while 40.9% replied “No.”

Finding: Internet websites are the most popular source of information regarding sex

Sources used for finding information about sex (n=703; multiple answers allowed)
Internet websites (55.8%)
Friends (50.2%)
Social media (31.4%)
Teachers (16.4%)
Books, magazines (15.9%)
Videos (14.5%)
Partners (10.1%)
Television (8.0%)
Family (5.5%)
Others (0.9%)

Bar chart showing most popular sources for finding information about sex. Internet websites – 55.8%; Friends – 50.2%; Social media – 31.4%; Teachers – 16.4%; Books, magazines – 15.9%; Videos – 14.5%; Partners – 10.1%; Television – 8.0%; Family – 5.5%; Others – 0.9%.

Contact

Communications Department
The Nippon Foundation

  • Email:cc@ps.nippon-foundation.or.jp