Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds – Lowering Age of Adulthood / International Survey on Society and CountryResults of 45th and 46th installments announced
The 45th installment of the Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds, launched by The Nippon Foundation in October 2018, was carried out from January 25 to 30 on the subject of “Lowering the Age of Adulthood.” The survey of 1,000 respondents in Japan found that although more than 90% were aware of the legal revisions taking effect April 1 that will lower the age of legal adulthood to 18 from 20 for a range of activities, only roughly 60% were aware of the specific provisions including 18-year-olds being able to conclude contracts and to marry without parental consent, and only 33% were aware that 18-year-olds could be selected as lay judges. In addition, 36% of respondents felt that the legal age for being able to conclude contracts should be raised.
The 46th installment, “Awareness Survey of Society and Country,” was carried out from January 26 to February 8 among 1,000 respondents each in six countries: China, India, Japan, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This was an expanded follow-up to the 20th survey, carried out in nine countries in late 2019 prior to the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic. As in the previous survey, Japanese respondents once again ranked lowest among the six countries in their expectations that their country’s future would improve and economic competitiveness would strengthen, indicating a trend of pessimism regarding Japan’s future. With regard to the pandemic, roughly one in five Japanese respondents and roughly one in two Chinese respondents indicated a greater desire to do something useful for their country and society compared with prior to the pandemic, suggesting an increased awareness of social participation in all countries.
Highlights of the Awareness Survey of Society and Country (2022)
Japanese respondents ranked lowest in response to all questions regarding their own country’s future
- Responded “It will improve” with regard to their country’s future: Japan – 13.9%; United States – 36.1%; China – 95.7%
- Responded “It will significantly strengthen” or “It will strengthen” with regard to their country’s future economic competitiveness: Japan – 10.9%; United States – 27.4%; China – 89.7%
Japanese respondents also ranked lowest in evaluations of their own country and awareness of social participation
- My country can take a leadership role in the international community: Japan – 22.8%; United States – 61.5%; China – 86.0%
- I think I am mature: Japan – 27.3%; United States – 85.7%; China – 71.0%
Percentage of respondents replying that their country’s future would “improve”
Percentage of respondents replying “yes” to statements related to awareness of social participation
Percentage of respondents replying “yes” to statements regarding their awareness of political participation
- From the 13th survey, the number of respondents, comprising men and women aged 17 to 19, has been increased to 1,000 from 800.
- With the exception of the 20th and 46th installments, “Awareness Survey of Society and Country,” all surveys cover respondents in Japan only.
Public Relations Team
The Nippon Foundation
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