Awareness Survey of 18-Year-OldsResults of 3rd and 4th installments announced
The results of the third installment of the Awareness Survey of 18-Year-Olds, launched by The Nippon Foundation in October 2018, were announced on November 11, 2018. The theme was “Love and Marriage,” and the survey found that roughly three in four 18-year-olds want to marry and have children, suggesting a trend in a different direction from the tendency toward later marriage and fewer children seen in recent years. Other findings included the fact that roughly half have been in a “relationship,” and that while schools were overwhelmingly the most popular place for meeting a girlfriend/boyfriend, 1 in 10 had met their partner through social media.
The results of the fourth installment, on the theme of “Work” and announced on November 21, 2018, showed that 42.6% of 18-year-olds do not want to work beyond the age of 65, which runs counter to a recent government initiative to raise the retirement age to 70. It also found that 53.0% of 18-year-olds want to give priority to their private lives as opposed to work, while 20.3% want to give priority to work, and the largest portion (27.0%) want to work in a major city in Japan.
Survey 3. Love and Marriage (Results announced on November 11, 2018)
Findings: 55.5% of respondents have been in a relationship.
Of those respondents, the top places for having met boyfriend/girlfriend:
- School – 64.9%
- Social media – 10.8%
- School club activities – 7.4%
- Introduction from friend or acquaintance – 3.4%
- Childhood friend – 2.7%
79.3% of respondents are not currently in a relationship
Of those respondents, 64.8% want a boyfriend/girlfriend vs. 35.2% who do not.
Top reasons for wanting a boyfriend/girlfriend (among respondents not currently in a relationship; multiple responses allowed):
- Want to create memories with boyfriend/girlfriend – 50.6%
- Am lonely by myself – 39.9%
- Want to satisfy sexual desire – 21.4%
- Top reasons for not wanting a boyfriend/girlfriend (among respondents not currently in a relationship; multiple responses allowed):
- Other interests are more important – 39.5%
- Prefer being alone – 38.1%
- Having a boyfriend/girlfriend seems troublesome – 34.5%
74.9% of respondents want to marry in the future, vs. 25.1% who do not.
Top reasons for wanting to marry (free answers, roughly categorized):
- Want to have family/children
- Am lonely by myself
- Seems enjoyable / For future happiness
- Want to be with someone I like
- For sake of parents
- For financial stability
Top reasons for not wanting to marry (free answers, roughly categorized):
- Prefer living alone / Do not want to be tied down
- Want to spend money and time on myself
- Not interested / Do not feel marriage is necessary
78.6% of respondents want to have children.
Of those respondents, the number of children desired:
- One – 12.6%
- Two – 67.1%
- Three – 17.2%
- Four – 1.7%
- Five or more – 1.4%
Survey 4. Work (Results announced on November 21, 2018)
Findings: 58.3% of respondents have a field in which they want to work.
Of those respondents, top fields in which they want to work:
- Civil servant – 15.7%
- Company employee – 15.0%
- Engineer/designer – 12.7%
- Physician/nurse – 9.2%
- Teacher/academic – 8.8%
27.0% of respondents want to work in a major city in Japan
Of all respondents, those who want to work in:
- A major city in Japan – 27.0%
- A regional city in Japan – 23.4%
- Overseas – 4.6%
- A rural area of Japan – 3.8%
- No preference – 26.3%
- Do not know – 15.0%
53.0% want to give priority to their private lives as opposed to work, vs. 20.3% who want to give priority to work.
30.3% want to work in/at a designated place/time
Of all respondents, those who:
- Want to work in/at an office or other designated place at a designated time – 30.3%
- Do not want to be tied to a designated place/time (want to work from home, flexible schedule, etc.) – 26.4%
- No preference – 23.1%
- Do not know – 20.3%
More respondents (34.4%) want to work for a one employer until retirement than do not (25.3%)
42.6% of respondents do not want to work beyond the age of 65.
Of all respondents, 42.6% do not want to work beyond the age of 65, vs. 28.1% who want to work until age 70 or longer.
Respondents who want to work until the age of:
- Less than 65 – 19.0%
- 65 – 23.6%
- 70 – 13.8%
- 75 – 4.0%
- 80 or higher – 10.3%
- Do not know – 29.4%
The Nippon Foundation